is a collaboration between:

CEOBS is a UK charity that works to research and publicise environmental data, develop methodologies to improve data collection and analysis, and scrutinise and contribute to developments in law and policy intended to reduce the environmental harm caused by conflicts and military activities.

Concrete Impacts is a UKRI-Economic Social Research Council funded collaboration between Lancaster and Durham Universities examining the socio-ecological effects of military supply chains and their wider environmental footprints. Contact Principle Investigator, Benjamin Neimark:, Co-Investigator Dr Oliver Belcher.

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Why is military emissions reporting a priority for climate action?

Exemptions from international agreements mean that militaries have lagged behind other sectors for too long, despite their high consumption of fossil fuels, vast global expenditure and large supply chains.

We still do not yet accurately understand the full contribution that militaries make to global GHG emissions. Better reporting is needed so that the scale of military emissions can be properly understood and managed.

Why are you not calling for disarmament?

This issue has gone from being completely ignored to becoming an agenda item for NATO and others. There is still a very long way to go and the ‘solution’ includes pragmatic measures to take this forward. It is likely that governments will have to decide on how large their militaries can be, and their mission priorities, if they are to substantially reduce their emissions.

For now, we need all stakeholders to engage on the importance and urgency of improving emissions reporting.

How can you get all states to engage with emissions reporting?

It will undoubtedly be challenging to encourage all countries to report and significantly reduce their military GHG emissions but we do not have the luxury of waiting for an ideological position. This is why it is particularly important for states themselves to commit to leadership on both military emissions reporting and cuts.

A level playing field on how emissions are transparently measured, reported and verified would be an important step to build confidence. One way to ensure this would be to address the flaws in the IPCC reporting guidelines. 

Should militaries be aiming for Net Zero?

However targets and pledges are framed, the focus must be on avoiding and reducing emissions, rather than relying on carbon offsetting.

Carbon offsetting must not be used as a substitute for reducing military GHG emissions at source.


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